Tasaki T., Terazono A., Moriguchi Y. (2007) An evaluation of the first five years after enactment of the Japanese WEEE Recycling Act and the current state. Sardinia 2007, 11th International waste management and landfill symposium proceedings, CD-ROM
This study evaluates the five-year enforcement of the Japanese WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) Recycling Act and reports on the current state of progress in revising the Act. Evaluation was conducted by applying an evaluation framework based on raised claims and issues, examining whether or not the Act has worked well. The results are as follows. Although recycling has been carried out smoothly, collection should be secured in order to avoid inappropriate treatment. Of the total discarded target four appliances, the Act covers approximately half the WEEE in Japan. The destination and the number of uncovered WEEE were revealed, with export and domestic waste facilities/recyclers determined as the major destinations. Illegal dumping did not increase to the extent feared by the public. Cost efficiency seemed to remain at the same level as before the enforcement of the Act. Consumer waste reduction was modest contrary to expectations. Producers were apparently motivated to change their product design.